This short text changed the history of the entire nation, a nation Balfour himself did not even try to mention its name, rather than that he described them “existing non-Jewish communities” as if they are foreigners or non-indigenous people.
November 2nd, 1917
Dear Lord Rothschild,
I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
Arthur James Balfour
This message was not a spur of the moment idea written by Balfour, but it is the result of years of communication and meetings between the Zionist entity and Jewish businessmen with influencing power in Britain, and representatives of both French and British governments.
Britain and the “Zionist Dream”
Britain wanted desperately to achieve the “Zionist dream” on Palestinian soil, without it imagining this text would bring blame on the loss of the Palestinian right over the years, and would be a reason for numerous activists’ protest in all parts of the world, and the demand of apology would be requested every day, despite that more than 100 years have been passed since the declaration.
This text was a green light to occupy Palestine and declare the occupation of the country in 1948, therefore Balfour kept his promise to establish a national home for the Jewish people, however, did not commit to preserving the rights of other civil and religious communities, thus Britain becoming the main legitimate forefront which the Zionist movement relies on to achieve their plans.
To carry out this on the ground, Palestine should have been under the British mandate, as Zionist groups refused during secret meetings with British government men during 1917 that guardianship over Palestine should have been shared by France and Britain. They do not want France to leave its colonial cultural impact on Jewish identity, as it did in the areas it controlled before and after the Sykes-Picot Agreement.
The negotiations of the agreement began in secret in 1915, during the first World War, based on the assumption of the defeat of the Ottoman state and the distribution of its territory between the British and French colonists, and indeed signed between the French diplomat Francois George Picot and the British diplomat Mark Sykes in 1916. The British mandate started on the land of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, and shortly after its withdrawal, the Zionist movement declared its state.
Britain agreed to these Zionist plans to serve its interests politically, mobilizing the support of many influential Jews from the Zionist movement during its first World War against Germany, the Ottoman, and the Austrian Empire, which began on July 28, 1914, and ended on November 11, 1918.
On the other hand, it looped around the “Sykes-Picot” treaty which was not satisfied with dividing it, but rather upset of France's domination over the majority of territories, and raising the issue of land for the Jews ensured France renunciation of Palestine.