Israeli occupation and the unconditional support of the USA
- 11 Defa Okundu
The United States of America has not only justified Israel's crimes against the Palestinians but also supported them in all international forums.
Since its establishment in 1948, America has been the largest supporter of the Israeli occupying Power, taking many forms; the most important of which is military, political and economic, and the US provides political cover for all crimes of Israeli occupation in the occupied Palestinian territories since the Occupation State began establishing settlements in the West Bank in 1967. These settlements enjoy the US support, as well as defending them in the face of the international consensus on their illegitimacy and the Security Council and the UN General Assembly condemned the continuous establishment of Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories.
The United States of America has not only justified Israel's crimes against the Palestinians, but also supported them in all international forums. Over the past seven decades, Israel has been the largest recipient of American economic and military support throughout history. According to reports from the US Assistance Service (USAİD), the volume of support Israel received is estimated to have reached $270 billion, of which about $2 billion was estimated to be in the favor of settlements according to official estimates.
All countries, including the European Union, have agreed that Israeli settlement in the West Bank is illegal, violates international law and violates all international resolutions issued by the Security Council and the UN General Assembly. The illegal settlements were confirmed through more than 60 General Assembly recommendations as well as numerous Security Council resolutions, in particular resolutions 446/1979, 465/1980, 476/1980, 478/1980, 2334/2016, which stressed the illegality of settlement in the occupied Palestinian territories and the immediate cessation of settlement construction. They also call upon all countries not to offer any support to Israeli settlement activities.
The UN Security Council resolution 2334/2016 was a landmark change in American policy under US President Barack Obama's government and was outlawed by the Israeli occupying Power, which used to receive American support and defend its continued violations in the occupied Palestinian territories. This decision came to reveal the US harmony over the last decades as the right of veto was used in the face of the international attempts to put an end to the Israeli settlement.
In continuation of the US support series for the Israeli occupation crimes, the decisions of the US President Donald Trump's administration are devoted to the reality of the Israeli occupation, as the American recognition of the Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan came, as well as the decision of transferring the American embassy to Jerusalem. Yesterday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompyo said that the United States no longer considers Israeli settlements a violation of international law, these statements that are considered a violation of all international conventions, as settlements violate the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 that criminalizes the occupation country's transfer of part of its inhabitants to the occupied territories, also violates the provisions of the 1907 Hague Convention, not to mention dozens of international resolutions that consider settlement to be contrary to international law, are also violated.
We recall the Secretary of State who has deplorated international resolutions and call upon him to re-read resolution 2334, which has practically restored the most important of the five above-mentioned resolutions (446, 452, 465, 476, 478), once again condemning the settlement acts; The Security Council "condemns all measures aimed at changing the demographic composition, nature and status of the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, which, together with other measures, include the construction and expansion of settlements, the transfer of settlers, the confiscation of land, the demolition of houses and the displacement of Palestinian civilians in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions.
For the first time, the wording of the Security Council's exclusive settlement resolutions includes the term "Israeli settlers" in the context of condemning their settlement of the Palestinian territory and showing their position contrary to international law, after previous formulations used the term "Israeli civilian population" (its own civilian population). In the context of asking Israel to refrain from transferring these to the settlements established on the 67 lands, or the term "settlement parts of its population and new immigrants". In the context of considering that this policy and actions constitute a serious obstacle to the achievement of a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.
The Security Council also recalls the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice issued on 9/7/2004; this is the first time that a Security Council resolution addresses the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice (on the legal implications of the construction of a wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory), which adds to the international legal dimension devoted to this advisory opinion. It is reinforced by the dimension of international legitimacy (the Security Council after the General Assembly), which reaffirms that Israel's establishment of settlements in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, has no legal legitimacy and constitutes a flagrant violation of international law and a major obstacle to the achievement of a two-state solution and the establishment of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace. There was no recognition of any change on the lines of 67, including Jerusalem as well, which had not been mentioned in previous resolutions or draft resolutions.
The international law remains the decisive point that shows the legal situation of the Israeli settlement in the occupied Palestinian territories, while the fate of the US statements that support the occupation country will be vanishing, without any credit, as the Palestinians' right is stronger than the whims here or there.